I&M bank has been named the most attractive listed bank in Kenya, supported by a strong franchise value and intrinsic value score, says a banking report released by Cytonn investments.
The franchise score measures the broad and comprehensive business strength of a bank across 13 different metrics, while the intrinsic score measures the investment return potential.
The report, themed “Depressed Earnings and Deteriorating Asset Quality amid the COVID-19 Operating Environment,” analyzed the H1’2020 results of the listed banks.
Asset quality for listed banks deteriorated in H1’2020 with the Gross NPL ratio rising by 1.6 percent points to 11.6 percent from 10.0% in H1’2019. This was high compared to the 5-year average of 8.5 percent.
Consequently, this led to increased provisioning across the industry to proactively manage risks given the tough economic conditions, which saw the NPL coverage rising to 57.8 percent in H1’2020 from 55.9 percent recorded in H1’2019.
In accordance with IFRS 9, banks are expected to provide both for the incurred and expected credit losses.
“We expect higher provisional requirements to subdue profitability during the year across the banking sector on account of the tough business environment”, said David Gitau, Investment Analyst at Cytonn Investments.
Five key drivers shaped the Banking sector in H1’2020, namely regulation, monetary policy, consolidation, asset quality, and capital conservation.
On the regulatory front, The Central Bank of Kenya on March 27th, 2020 provided commercial banks and mortgage finance companies with guidelines on loan reclassification, and provisioning of extended and restructured loans as per the Banking Circular No 3 of 2020.
The Central Bank stipulated that banks would be allowed to extend loan repayments for their customers for a period not more than one year, the cost of restructuring and extension of loans would be met by the banks and they would have to report any restructuring in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic to the Central Bank monthly.
“According to data from the July 2020 Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) Meeting, this has seen a total of Kshs 844.0 billion, representing 29.1 percent of the total Kshs 2.9 trillion banking sector loan book, being restructured as at June 2020,” said Ann Wacera, Analyst at Cytonn Investments.
I&M Holdings took the top position in the weighted score of both franchise and future growth opportunity perspective having a better capacity to generate profits from its core business.
While KCB Group recorded a decline in the franchise value ranking, coming in 6th mainly on the back of the deterioration of their asset quality as evidenced by the group’s high Non- Performing Loans (NPL) ratio of 13.8 percent against a weighted average of 11.6 percent.
Housing finance, came in 10th position on the back of weak franchise rankings scores as well as a non-promising future growth opportunity perspective as a result of lack of proper cost-efficiency structure.